Sino British Agreement Hong Kong
During the 2014 Umbrella Revolution, a campaign against perceived violations of mainland China in HKSAR, Chinese officials concluded for the first time that China considered the joint declaration “invalid,” according to a British MP.  This conclusion was found to be “manifestly erroneous” by a senior Hong Kong lawyer and rejected by the British Foreign Minister, who stated that the document was a legally binding agreement that had to be respected.   Rita Fan, then Hong Kong`s only representative on the Standing Committee of the National People`s Congress in Beijing, stated that responsibility for the UK`s oversight had expired and that the joint declaration did not provide for universal suffrage.  This agreement between the United Kingdom and China made it clear that Hong Kong`s high level of autonomy, rights and freedoms would remain unchanged for 50 years. China`s commitments, including freedom of expression, the independence of the judiciary and the rule of law, are essential to Hong Kong`s prosperity and way of life. “Two Systems” refers to an agreement that would benefit Hong Kong from a “high degree of autonomy” with its social and economic systems and lifestyle unchanged for 50 years, from 1997 to 2047. The Joint Declaration of the Salts and the British consists of eight paragraphs, three annexes on basic policy for Hong Kong, the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group and the Land Leases, as well as the two memorandums of both parties. Each party has the same status and “the whole forms a formal international agreement, legally binding in all its elements. Such an international agreement is the highest form of engagement between two sovereign states.  As part of these declarations, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is under the control of the central government of the People`s Republic of China and enjoys a high degree of autonomy, with the exception of foreign affairs and defence.
It is authorized to have executive, legislative and independent powers, including final decision-making power. The Basic Law specifies that in addition to Chinese, English can also be used in government bodies and that in addition to the national flag and the national emblem of the PRC, the HKSAR can use its own regional flag and logo. It aims to maintain the capitalist economic and commercial systems previously practiced in Hong Kong. The third paragraph lists the basic policy of the People`s Republic of China with regard to Hong Kong: Hong Kong`s autonomy was guaranteed by the “one country, two systems” agreement, enshrined in the joint Sino-British declaration signed in 1984 by then-Chinese Prime Minister Zhao Ziyang and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.